Assert qunit

A helper assertion to verify the order and number of steps in a test QUnit.start() QUnit.test() assert.timeout() Other. Deprecated methods; assert.true() version added: 2.11. true( actual [, message ] ) A strict comparison that passes if the first argument is boolean true. name description; actual: Expression being tested: message (string) A short description of the assertion: Description . true() requires just one argument. If the argument evaluates to true. assert.async () returns a callback function and pauses test processing until the callback function is invoked the specified number of times. The callback will throw an Error if it is invoked more often than the accepted call count. This replaces functionality previously provided by QUnit.stop () and QUnit.start ()

A RegExp that matches (or partially matches) the String representation A callback Function that must return true to pass the assertion check. In very few environments, like Closure Compiler, throws may cause an error. There you can use assert.raises Qunit-assert will prepend those depending on a failing or successful test. The most assertions are from the behaviour like assertions from PHPUnit. assertEquals (expected, actual, message) that. assertEquals (the string, aString, aString equals expected string) Prior to QUnit 1.1, this method was known as assert.equals. The alias was removed in QUnit 1.3

Qunit - Assert the arguments of a function are valid. 0. Grunt Qunit exclude file(s) 9. How to write new assertion functions for QUnit without using QUnit.push? 1. How to test custom assertions in QUnit. 1. Qunit assert throws not working. 0. What does function (assert) do? 1. Asserting an exception in QUnit . Hot Network Questions How can I create a custom terminal command with a. QUnit is a powerful, easy-to-use JavaScript unit test suite. If you're new to QUnit, check out Getting Started with QUnit on the main site. QUnit has no dependencies and works in all browsers The powerful, easy-to-use JavaScript testing framework. Current Release. v2.13. ()These are the officially supported download channels for QUnit releases

Assertions QUnit API Doc

  1. All the assertions are in the Assert Category. This category provides a set of assertion methods useful for writing tests. Only failed assertions are recorded. Let's try to cover most of the above mentioned methods in an example
  2. In this tutorial, you will learn, JUnit Assert methods like Boolean, Null object, Identical, Assert Equals, Assert Array Equals, Fail Message. also learn JUnit assertEquals, Floating point assertions and JUnit Assert Exampl
  3. public static void assertTrue (boolean condition) Asserts that a condition is true. If it isn't it throws an AssertionError without a message
  4. g language. It is important in the test driven development, and is used by jQuery, jQuery UI, and jQuery Mobile projects. QUnit is capable of testing any generic JavaScript codebase

assert.true() QUnit API Doc

  1. A QUnit plugin for asserting that a number is approximately equal (or not) to an expected number, within a given tolerance
  2. This will attach the APIs to QUnit's assert object. Ember projects using ember-qunit v4.x and below. qunit-dom will automatically attach the APIs to QUnit's assert object. No extra setup required . <script> Tag. Load qunit-dom.js after qunit.js
  3. More information. This is only a very brief overview of qunit-dom's features. More detailed docs can be found in the README or API doc
  4. Assert: Make QUnit.expect() without arguments behave as a getter. #226; Core: Add module and test name to the data provided via QUnit.log(). #296; Core: Keep a local reference to Date for internal use. #283; HTML Reporter: Add a UI for the module filter. HTML Reporter: Always display of global errors regardless of filtering URL parameters. #288 ; HTML Reporter: Scroll the window back to top.
  5. QUnit uses a set of assertion method to provide semantic meaning in unit tests: assert.ok (boolean, string) - Asserts that the provided value casts to boolean true. assert.equal (value1, value2, message) - Compares two values, using the double-equal operator
  6. QUnit.assert. Namespace for QUnit assertions. 2: QUnit.asyncTest() DEPRECATED: Add an asynchronous test to run. The test must include a call to QUnit.start(). 3: QUnit.module() Group related tests under a single label. 4: QUnit.only() Adds a test to exclusively run, preventing all other tests from running. 5: QUnit.skip() Adds a test like object to be skipped. 6: QUnit.test() Adds a test to.
  7. I am working on a unit test that is testing a generated parser code from a grammar. ( generated via PegJS) Im almost finished with most of the cases that are possible. There are 2-3 of them left an..

assert.async() QUnit API Doc

to assert that your code does not throw an exception. Although the test would fail if an exception is thrown even if there was no Assert around it, the value of this approach is that you can then distinguish between unmet expectations and bugs in your tests, and you have the option of adding a custom message that will be displayed in your test output. A well-worded test output can help you. ブラウザで qunit/hello_qunit.html を表示するとテスト結果出力を確認できます。 以上ですが、本当に3分もあればすぐに JavaScript の単体テストができます。QUnit 簡単で良いですね。その他 QUnit の Assertion 用 API は以下を参照。 Assert | QUnit API Documentatio

assert.throws() QUnit API Doc

GitHub - pscheit/qunit-assert: More complex assertions for

  1. qunit-assert-compare. A QUnit plugin for asserting numerical comparisons like greater than, less than, etc. QUnit numerical comparison assertion plugin. This plugin for QUnit adds a handful of custom assertion methods to test for various numerical comparison situations: eq: equal to; neq: not equal to; lt: less than; lte: less than or equal to.
  2. Test the two identical objects with deep equality assertions. At this point, we have tried the entire core QUnit assertion methods. However, QUnit API also includes helper methods deepEqual and notDeepEqual that allow you to assert on the equality of complex types such as arrays, objects, regular expressions, dates, and functions. This is useful when you need to compare two identical objects
  3. propEqual(value, expected[, message]) - A strict comparison of the properties and values of an object. The assertion passes if all the properties and the values are identical
  4. They can be accessed within a test through the parameter passed to the function of the QUnit.test() method (assert in our previous example). The list below summarizes the methods available, along.

seems like your test is happening before list.js. what if you wrap your tests in jQuery(document).ready(function ($) {} - Said Kholov Apr 26 '15 at 3:5 Be sure you're using org.junit.Assert versus junit.framework.Assert, as the latter doesn't have the Hamcrest Matcher assertThat() - Visionary Software Solutions Aug 8 '12 at 17:09 15 I think when running JUnit 4.10, the class to use is org.junit.matchers.JUnitMatchers, e.g.: assertThat(something, JUnitMatchers.containsString(some)); - Ewen Cartwright Feb 21 '13 at 13:0 QUnit.test(Two by two, function (assert) {assert.equal(2*2, 4, Two by two is four);}); resulting in: It may look the same, but a Module: dropdown appeared, allowing one to choose which module to test or visualize. The names of the tests also includes the module name. Unfortunately, the resulting HTML doesn't have containers for modules, something one can collapse or expand at will. That is. I also vote for deprecating QUnit.stop() and keeping QUnit.start() to only handle the global config.autostart. Tests' semaphores should be handled only by assert.async, that shouldn't care about global semaphore

Unit Testing in JavaScript with MVC and QUnit

assert.equal() QUnit API Doc

QUnit, assert not OK? - Stack Overflo

QUnit Tutorial: Start Unit Testing and Measuring Code Coverage

QUnit, QUnit DOM. Every Ember app comes with QUnit and QUnit DOM. QUnit is a testing framework, and QUnit DOM is a library that helps you write tests that are concise and readable. To see the power of QUnit DOM, consider this code snippet. It checks whether our button component shows the right label and the right attributes The powerful, easy-to-use JavaScript testing framework. Current Release. v2.11.3 ()These are the officially supported download channels for QUnit releases

there is an asset bundle named web.qunit_suite. This bundle contains the main code (assets common + assets backend), some libraries, the QUnit test runner and the test bundles listed below. a bundle named web.tests_assets includes most of the assets and utils required by the test suite: custom QUnit asserts, test helpers, lazy loaded assets, etc QUnit.test declares the actual Unit Test - with the variable assert being at the center of it. assert is intended for the final check of a condition that has previously been induced. assert has a descriptive API for testing conditions. The above assert.strictEqual will fail: the integer 42 and the string 42 are not of the same type Anwendung. QUnit-Tests können sowohl in einem Webbrowser als auch in browserlosen JavaScript-Umgebungen wie Node.js durchgeführt werden.. Für Tests im Browser wird dazu ein HTML-Dokument angelegt, das eine kleine Grundstruktur enthält, in die QUnit die Ergebnisse einträgt, und das als JavaScript-Dateien QUnit, den zu testenden Code und den Test einbindet QUnit.module(string) — Definiše modul, grupa od jednog ili više testova. QUnit.test(string, function) — Definiše test. QUnit koristi grupe metoda kako bi obezbedio semantičko značenje jedinica za testiranje: assert.ok(boolean, string) — Utvrđuje da je pružena vrednost kastovana u logičko tačno. assert.equal(value1, value2, message) — Poredi dve promenljive po vrednosti. assert.

QUnit API Doc

  1. Another thing to notice here, is the module-function call. Under normal circumstances, you simply call this function directly, but because module is a keyword in TypeScript, you need to use the QUnit object instead. Writing the QUnit test is straight forward with an arrange, act and assert. That's it! Testing TypeScript with TypeScript.
  2. QUnit.test(string, function) - Defines a test. QUnit uses a set of assertion method to provide semantic meaning in unit tests: assert.ok(boolean, string) - Asserts that the provided value casts to boolean true. assert.equal(value1, value2, message) - Compares two values, using the double-equal operator
  3. Приклади. QUnit.module(string) — визначає модуль, що групує один чи кілька тестів. QUnit.test(string, function) — визначає тест. QUnit використовує метод припущень, щоб проводити юніт-тести: assert.ok(boolean, string) — визначає, чи приведена змінна.
  4. QUnit은 표명(assertion) 메서드 집합을 사용하여 유닛 테스트에 시맨틱 의미를 제공한다: assert.ok(boolean, string) - 지정된 값을 불리언 참(true)으로 형 변환하도록 표명(assert). assert.equal(value1, value2, message) - double-equal operator를 사용하여 2개의 값을 비교한다

The bad assert example isn't better, but but that doesn't mean a single assert wouldn't be better if done right. Many libraries allow custom asserts/matchers so something could be created if not already present. For example Assert.IsBetween(10, 100, value) that prints Expected 8 to be between 10 and 100 is better than two separate asserts in my. qunit-assert-close v2.1.2 A QUnit plugin for asserting that a number is approximately equal (or not) to an expected number, within a given tolerance. Overview Browse Files. QUnit Close assertion plugin. This plugin for QUnit adds close, notClose, close.percent, and notClose.percent assertion methods to test that a number is approximately equal (or not) to an expected number, within a given.

Video: QUnit

date - How to get first and last day of the week in

Based around the testing approach that The Frontside has talked about on their podcast (and use within their BigTest testing tools), I packaged the assertion and waiter into a single, custom QUnit assertion. It allows you to converge on a condition in your tests — it will continue to try your assertion until it is met and fail if the case is never met 什么是单元测试 每个单元测试就是一段用于测试一个模块或接口是否能达到预期结果的代码。 QUnitjs 概念Qunit是一款强大的用于帮助调试代码的,JavaScript单元测试框架。是jQuery的 2 Tests Les tests assurent - qualité du code : fiable, robuste - tests de régression fréquents - retour d'expérience rapide - identification des problèmes rares et/ou non testé manuellement - documentation : exemples fonctionnels A quel prix ? Quand est-ce qu'on en écrit ? Séparation entre code tests et code métier - code déf ni, développé et livré séparément des test

QUnit - Using Assertions - Tutorialspoin

QUnit——对JavaScript 进行单元测试的利器1.QUnit下的简单测试:简单说明(本次框架采用的是QUnit-V2..0版本):如上图:从左到右从上倒下一次说明如下:a.QUnit.module()是定义当前测试用例属于哪个模块下。注意:对于V1..0版本中不需要QUnit,对于V2..0中必须添加QUnit.开始 QUnit.assert.mod2 = function( value, expected, message ) { var actual = value % 2; this.push( actual === expected, actual, expected, message ); }; QUnit.test( mod2, function( assert ) { assert.expect( 2 ); assert.mod2( 2, 0, 2 % 2 == 0 ); assert.mod2( 3, 1, 3 % 2 == 1 ); }); 上面的代码自定义了一个叫mod2的断言。QUnit.push()有四个参数,一个Boolean型的result. 3 Tests Dans un cadre collaboratif code écrit 1 fois, répliqué n fois Dans un cadre Agile itérations courtes, documentées par les tests eXtreme Programming (XP) / Test Driven Development développer les tests unitaires en même temps/avant le programme à tester à partir des spécifi cations on n'écrit que le code nécessaire à valider les test Organizing QUnit Tests With Modules. Creating a module in QUnit is easy. Just call QUnit.module and any test declared after that line will be added to the module. A better approach is to add a callback function to QUnit.module so that you can nest modules. You can also use the beforeEach and afterEach functions to run code before (or after. npm install ember-qunit-assert-helpers. We couldn't find any similar packages Browse all packages. Package Health Score. 55 / 100. Popularity. Small. Maintenance. Inactive. Security. No known security issues. Community. Limited. Popularity. Small. Weekly Downloads (3,263) Dependents 54 GitHub Stars 14 Forks 10 Contributors 8 The npm package ember-qunit-assert-helpers receives a total of 3,263.

Junit Assert & AssertEquals with Exampl

QUnit: | | QUnit | | | |Stable release| | | World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive. The Sample Application. Let us see how to use Bridge.QUnit by installing the Bridge.QUnit.Sample package.. In Visual Studio, create a new Bridge.NET project (you can download the VS extention at Bridge.NET for Visual Studio).. Install Bridge.QUnit.Sample by running the following command on the Package Manager Console (the screenshot shows the resulting project structure) merci, comment je peux faire cela, mais quand le premier jour est le lundi ? var first = curr.getDate() - curr.getDay() +1; Pour le faire fonctionner lorsque vous avez plusieurs mois - var lastday = new Date(curr.setDate(first.getDate()+6)).toUTCString(); Pour le faire fonctionner pour chaque mois, y compris Févr il suffit de mettre la ligne de dernier jour avant firstday du code ci-dessus et.

Assert (JUnit API

.NET (WPF and Windows Forms) bindings for the Chromium Embedded Framework - cefsharp/CefShar QUnit HTML assertion plugin. This plugin for QUnit adds htmlEqual and notHtmlEqual (plus alias htmlNotEqual) assertion methods to test that two HTML strings are equivalent (or not) after a rigorous normalization process.. Usage assert.htmlEqual(actual, expected [, message]); assert.notHtmlEqual(actual, expected [, message]); // Alias: `assert.htmlNotEqual qunit-assert-close 2.1.2 • Public • Published 4 years ago. Readme; Explore BETA; 0 Dependencies; 0 Dependents; 9 Versions; QUnit Close assertion plugin. This plugin for QUnit adds close, notClose, close.percent, and notClose.percent assertion methods to test that a number is approximately equal (or not) to an expected number, within a given tolerance. Usage. assert. close (actual, expected. Qunit modules. Showing projects tagged as Test, Testing, Assert, and Qunit. ava. 9.4 8.5 L4 JavaScript Futuristic JavaScript test runner. AVA. 0.5 0.0 JavaScript AVA task for Start * Code Quality Rankings and insights are calculated and provided by Lumnify. They vary from L1 to L5 with L5 being the highest. Visit our partner's website for more details.. $ cnpm install qunit-assert-canvas . SYNC missed versions from official npm registry. QUnit Canvas assertion plugin . This plugin for QUnit adds pixelEqual and notPixelEqual (plus alias pixelNotEqual) assertion methods to test individual pixel values in a given canvas. Usage assert.pixelEqual(canvas, x, y, r, g, b, a, message); assert.notPixelEqual(canvas, x, y, r, g, b, a, message); // Alias.

QUnit – Unit Testing made easy for JavaScript | Dariusz on

qunit-assert-classes A set of assertions for checking thats an element has ( or does not have ) any number of classes. The check is order independent and gives a diff of the expected classes. Last updated 5 years ago by arschmitz. MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json $ cnpm install qunit-assert-classes . SYNC missed versions from official npm registry. QUnit. As available in NUnit and JUnit, QUnit framework also comes with many assert statements; following are a few of them. 1. ok() - It is a Boolean assertion statement. 2. equal() - Performs a non-strict comparison

Assert. This part may contain multiple statements of QUnit assertions, but ideally not too many in total. Make sure that you also test negative paths, not only the expected ones. Optional: Cleanup. Here you should destroy all the controls/models you created. If you don't use sinon sandboxes, revert all the spies/stubs/mocks https://gitlab.inria.fr/vidjil/vidjil/-/jobs/237690 (#1171) : `assert.push is deprecated and will be removed in QUnit 3.0. Please use assert.pushResult instead QUnit.test(shown string, assert_function(assert)) assert.strictEqual(testResult, expectedResult, String when test passed) allTests.js. Calling All Test Cases of the App. unitTests.qunit.html. HTML Page That Launches All Unit Tests. QUnit.start(); Run > Run As > Web Application on unitTests.qunit.html. Test Coverage . Click on Enable Coverage on the screen of unitTests.qunit.html. QUnit.assert.order.call( API, [ 1, 2, 3 ] );... QUnit.assert.order.call( API, [ 1, 3, 2 ], Custom message );... QUnit.assert.order.call( API, [ 1 ], Custom message ) Extend the QUnit.assert object with this new method. As QUnit already provides the extend helper, we don't need to use a third party library or write our own helper for extending an object to do it. Copy (function( global ){ strict mode; var QUnit = global.QUnit; QUnit.extend( QUnit.assert, { /** * Check if a supplied element is visible * * @example assert.isVisible(document.getElementById.

JavaScript Unit Testing with Jellyfish and OnDemandQUnit Testing for SAPUI5 Controls

//ok( true, one extra assert per test );}, teardown: function() {//ok( true, and one extra assert after each test );}}); [/code] Another good thing about using QUnit is that you can set up tests to run as an atomic unit. I've broken the testing for my code into two parts: 1. Check the availability of the required form elements. 2. Ensure. qunit-assert-compare. A QUnit plugin for asserting numerical comparisons like greater than, less than, etc. QUnit numerical comparison assertion plugin. This plugin for QUnit adds a handful of custom assertion methods to test for various numerical comparison situations: eq: equal to; neq: not equal to; lt: less than; lte: less than or equal to; gt: greater than; gte: greater than or equal to. Testing the backend Test your webservices Use QUnit and assert on the returned JSON Or use your backend testing tool 23. Real World Example WizerPro, in JavaScript, using MVC patter

assert.equal(1, 1, '1 === 1'); assert.ok(true, 'true is truthy'); assert.ok(1, '1 is also truthy'); assert.ok([], 'so is an empty array or object'); }); How it works Karma is a configurable test runner for executing any number of testing frameworks (Jasmine is really popular), but I prefer the simplicity of QUnit. It basically creates a web. Tests that assert the outcome of an asynchronous method (or a method that returns a promise), should have their return value returned from the QUnit.test() function. This allows QUnit to automatically track the promise without manually having to connect it with assert.async. This has the benefit of also automatically asserting that the Promise. QUnit.start(); //set start to tell QUnit to continue when callback end; },1000); }) 注意 :如果在测试同步的时候,需要测试通过其它方法促发事件的情况下;此时如果与异步一起测试,那么在等待异步方法返回的时间内,会给同步的方法测试带来副作用而无法判断出同步是否执行 qunit-plugin, qunit-assert, qunit, assert, classes License MIT Install bower install qunit-assert-classes SourceRank 11. Dependent repositories 134 Total tags 15 Latest tag Apr 29, 2015 First tag Jan 30, 2015 Stars 7 Forks 3 Watchers 2 Contributors 2 Repository size 509 KB Documentation. QUnit Classes assertion plugin.

JavaScript TDD for Dynamics CRM – ambek

QUnit - Quick Guide - Tutorialspoin

qunit-assert-close A QUnit plugin for asserting that a number is approximately equal (or not) to an expected number, within a given tolerance. Last updated 4 years ago by jamesmgreene. MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json $ cnpm install qunit-assert-close . SYNC missed versions from official npm registry. QUnit Close assertion plugin. This plugin for QUnit adds. qunit-plugin, qunit-assert, qunit, assert, close, close-enough, roughlyEquals, closeTo, approximate License MIT Install npm install qunit-assert-close@2.1.2 SourceRank 12. Dependencies 0 Dependent packages 7 Dependent repositories 17 Total releases 9 Latest release Oct 2, 2016 First release May 5, 2013. Konzept. QUnit übernimmt das Konzept der XUnit-Frameworks.Die Tests gliedern sich in einzelne Module, die aus einem oder mehreren Tests bestehen können, die wiederum die einzelnen Assertions enthalten. Zum Testen von Ajax und anderen Anwendungen, die über Callback-Funktionen arbeiten, besteht die Möglichkeit asynchrone Tests zu verwenden.. Beispiel. Das folgende Beispiel besteht aus einem. Nos testcase sont appelés ici des module et nos assert maisons sont remplacés par l'assertor de QUnit strictEqual. QUnit a aussi les notions de setup et teardown qui sont définis dans chaque module de tests. Tout en gardant la même logique, QUnit introduit de nouveaux outils tel que la vérification des erreurs grâce à son throws utilisé ici pour valider que notre fonction ne prend.

Plugins QUnit

ember-qunit-assert-helpers. This addon provides additional QUnit 2.0 assertions that are specific to Ember.js. It is meant to be a replacement for ember-dev which only supports QUnit 1.0.. Can be use in your application or an addon qunit-plugin, qunit-assert, qunit, assert, order, step License MIT Install npm install qunit-assert-step@1.1.1 SourceRank 14. Dependencies 0 Dependent packages 17 Dependent repositories 1.94K Total releases 5 Latest release Oct 3, 2016 First release May 5, 2013 Stars 5 Forks. # if used, update to the latest version of linting addons # to fix a bug in detecting beta versions of ember-cli-qunit npm install --save-dev ember-cli-eslint npm install --save-dev ember-cli-template-lint # update to the beta version of ember-cli-qunit / ember-qunit npm install --save-dev ember-cli-qunit@^4.1.-beta.2 # migrate your current tests npm install --global jscodeshift jscodeshift.

Introduction aux tests unitaires en javascript - Blog

GitHub - simplabs/qunit-dom: High Level DOM Assertions for

qunit-plugin, qunit-assert, qunit, assert, HTML, assertHTMLEquals, DOM License MIT Install npm install qunit-assert-html@1.1. SourceRank 14. Dependencies 0 Dependent packages 6 Dependent repositories 123 Total releases 10 Latest release Oct 3, 2016 First release Jul 2, 2014 Stars 13 Forks 6 Watchers 5. qunit-dom includes type definition files, but the way it extends QUnit means that you need import it somewhere so that TS and your editor can pick up the types. It is recommended to add the following line to your tests/test-helper.ts file

Getting Started With QUnit Testing Written by Ian Elliot Thursday, 09 February 2017 Article Index; Getting Started With QUnit Testing: Testing HTML: Page 2 of 2 . The Assertions. From here your task is to add assertions there are most likely to catch errors in the functions within the JavaScript file that you are testing. As well as the ok assertion that are a number of others that you need to. Update July 2019 — I would no longer recommend using QUnit for testing JET applications. Jasmine or Jest are both better alternatives. You can find out more information about how to setup and us 为了使用Qunit,你仅仅需要去包含2个Qunit文件在你的Html页面。Qunit 包含了qunit.js 作为运行器和测试框架,和qunit.css 文件,作为试套件页面显示测试结果的样式

  • Isg admission.
  • Suis je macho.
  • Moteur portail coulissant occasion.
  • Appareil musculation bras.
  • Drapeau botswana.
  • Amour sucré episode 36 nathaniel.
  • Quelle puissance de batterie pour un mover de caravane.
  • Hysteria muse live.
  • Couteau de chasse lame fixe.
  • Film anne.
  • M atteindre.
  • Sci changement de date de cloture.
  • Rythme global d enchainement des taches aide soignante.
  • Premium magasin.
  • Qui a découvert l'antarctique.
  • Compétences psychosociales et handicap.
  • Le figaro bali.
  • Artisan transporteur.
  • Modele presentation bni.
  • Forgeron dark souls 2.
  • Kabuki personnage.
  • Temple aphrodite corinthe.
  • Ventech ventures.
  • Electricité heure pleine et creuse.
  • Déprime fin de grossesse.
  • Critique choregies d orange.
  • Objectifs ce1.
  • Momose guitar.
  • Le plan d aide en travail social.
  • Rowan blanchard 2018.
  • Les echanges internationaux et developpement.
  • Organisateur de bureau papier.
  • Echographie lyon 5.
  • Contrat de travail en suisse pour etranger.
  • Columbo saison 5 episode 4.
  • Computer science jobs uk.
  • Les années fac episode 190.
  • Telecommande continental edison led 39.
  • Free mobile appel algerie.
  • Unaf 33.
  • Bénévolat mission ponctuelle.